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Citizenship and leadership

Developing leadership skills involves building civic and social responsibilities. Service learning and other youth program activities can make youth into leaders.

Comments on this page? Curator: Jacquie Lonning, citizenship & leadership program director

Youth Development Insight

Our faculty blog about research, issues and trends in the field. Join the conversation!

See all citizenship and leadership blog posts.

Reports & journal articles

Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century

National Research Council
An important set of key skills which include problem solving, critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and self-management - often referred to as "21st century skills" increase deeper learning, college and career readiness, student-centered learning, and higher order thinking. 2012.

Citizenship education in England 2001-2010: young people's practices and prospects for the future: the eighth and final report from the Citizenship Education Longitudinal Study

Department for Education (UK)
This landmark report looks to identify, measure and assess the short-term and long-term effects of citizenship education in schools on students over time. 2010.

Minnesota 4-H Youth Development Program Outcomes: Leadership and Civic Engagement

Produced by Extension: Heidi Haugen and Becky Harrington
Annotated bibliography on leadership and civic engagement developed to inform program outcomes for Minnesota 4-H Youth Development. (PDF) 2008.

Core Principles for Engaging Young People in Community Change

Forum for Youth Investment
Includes the Continuum of Youth Engagement and Eight Principles of engaging youth in community change. (PDF) 2007.

Pushing the Envelope on Youth Civic Engagement: A developmental and liberation psychology perspective

Roderick J. Watts and Constance Flanagan
The authors present a typology of civic engagement that includes 1) community service; 2) work within organizations; and 3) sociopolitical activism aimed at changing organizations and society. (PDF) 2007.

Toward an Understanding of Youth in Community Governance: Policy priorities and research directions

Shepherd Zeldin, Linda Camino, and Matthew Calvert
Reviews the context, rationale and research related to youth in decision-making positions and provides recommendations for changes in adult expectations and support. 2007.

Beyond Access and Supply: Youth-led strategies to captivate young people's interest in and demand for youth programs and communities

Produced by Extension: Rebecca N. Saito
Working on supply and access are necessary but not sufficient for the task of increasing young people's engagement in positive youth programs, activities, and informal opportunities. Youth are the marketing experts in this endeavor to increase participation in youth programs particularly by those who typically do not participate. 2006.

Building Environmental Youth Leadership

Produced by Extension: Compiled by Nathan J. Meyer and Rebecca L. Meyer
A complete, downloadable curriculum for high school service learning. This group of environmental activities are around water conservation. 2004.

Youth Civic Engagement in the 21st Century

James Youniss, Susan Bales, Verona Christmas-Best, Marcelo Diversi, Milbrey McLaughlin, and Rainer Silbereisen
The authors outline social and political dynamics of the 21st century that necessitate a redefinition of civic competence, asserting that youth must be prepared to collaborate with adults in new ways to identify and address social and political issues within ever-changing realities. 2001.
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