Skip to Main navigation Skip to Left navigation Skip to Main content Skip to Footer

University of Minnesota Extension
www.extension.umn.edu
612-624-1222

Extension > Agriculture > Dairy Extension > Feed and Nutrition > Feeding the dairy herd > Table A-1

Print Icon Email Icon Share Icon

Feeding the dairy herd

  Table of Contents Table A-2

TABLE A-1. SAMPLE BUDGET OF COST AND RETURNS FOR A MILK COW AND HER REPLACEMENT AT THREE DIFFERENT LEVELS OF PRODUCTION (NOTE: REPLACEMENT ANIMALS ARE BASED ON A 30% CULL RATE; REPLACEMENT HEIFER ADDS APPROXIMATELY $400 COSTS/COW)
Level of production, lb sold/yr
16,000 19,000 22,000

Income
  Milk, @ $11.00/cwt $2,000 $2,375 $2,750
  Cull cow and calf sales $340 $370 $400

  Total income $2,340 $2,745 $3,150
 
Feed costs
  Corn equivalent (bushels) 100 115 130
    @ $2.50/bu $250 $288 $325
  44% CP supplement (cwt) 10.2 14.3 18.3
    @ $12.50/cwt $128 $179 $229
  Corn silage, 2.7 tons DM
    @ $60.00/ton
$224 $224 $224
  Alfalfa/Alf-grass, 5.5 tons DM
    @ $60.00/ton
$495 $495 $495
  Milk replacer, calf starter,
    salt and minerals
$55 $65 $75

  Total feed cost $1,152 $1,250 $1,348
 
Other costs
  Milk hauling @ 50 cents/cwt $80 $95 $110
  Marketing deductions
    30 cents/cwt
$48 $57 $66
  Breeding fees $32 $36 $40
  Veterinary care, medicine and drugs $60 $70 $80
  Bedding $95 $95 $95
  Power and fuel $70 $75 $80
  Supplies, soap, inflations, etc. $45 $45 $45
  Overhead (DHI, legal, etc.) $70 $70 $70

  Total other costs $500 $543 $586
 
Labor costs, 65 hr @ $6.00/hr $390 $390 $390
Management value, 8% of income $187 $220 $252
  Labor and management costs $577 $610 $642

  Total costs $2,229 $2,403 $2,576
 
Return to facilities, livestock, and risk $111 $342 $574

Adapted from: A-2731 Wisconsin Farm Enterprise Budgets - Dairy Cows and Replacements.


  Table of Contents Table A-2


  • © Regents of the University of Minnesota. All rights reserved.
  • The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Privacy