Spruce > Trunk or branches > Bark chewed or removed
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Deer feeding / antler rubbing
- Long lines of shredded or peeled off bark along main trunk up to 3 feet off the ground from antler rubbing; wood may appear shiny or "polished"
- Leaves and small branches (< 1 inch in diameter) cut off with a rough or ragged edge; not a clean cut!
- Feeding occurs from the ground up to 6 feet or slightly higher; ragged edges, same as above; if the bark is removed by a deer there will be no sign of teeth marks
- More information on Deer feeding / antler rubbing...
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- Bark is completely removed from all or sections of the trunk or branches
- Regular scraping the size of a spoon tip can be seen in the wood
- Small twigs are cleanly cut off with a sharp edge, at a 45° angle
- Damage can occur from ground level to several feet up the trunk
- Deep snow can allow rabbits to reach higher up the trunk
- Damage occurs in winter
- More information on Rabbit feeding...
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- Bark is completely removed from the main trunk in irregular patches
- Scraping the size of a fork tine can be seen in exposed wood
- Damage occurs during winter from the ground level up to winter snow depth
- More information on Vole feeding...