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Extension > Garden > Yard and Garden > Landscaping > Butterfly gardening > References and Resources

References and resources

Vera Krischik

There are many good sources for readers interested in obtaining more information on butterflies and butterfly gardening:


Anonymous, 1994. Butterflies are free. Country Living Gardener. 2(2):58-61.

Covell, C.V. Jr. 1984. A Field Guide to the Moths of Eastern North America. Peterson Guide Series, Houghton Mifflin, Boston.

Harter, J. 1979. Animals: 1419 Copyright-Free Illustrations of Mammals, Birds, Fish, Insects, etc. Dover Publications, New York. 282 pp.

Hubbell, S. 1995. They’re as colorful as fireworks and lots less dangerous. Smithsonian 26(3):114-124.

Opler, P.A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A Field Guide to Eastern Butterflies. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. 396 pp.

Butterfly on white background

Nymphalidae: Peacock butterfly

Butterfly on white background

Saturniidae: Atlas moth

Pyle, R.M. 1981. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies. Knopf, New York.

Pyle, R.M. 1984. The Audubon Society Handbook for Butterfly Watchers: A Guide to Observing, Identifying, Studying, and Photographing Butterflies. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York.

Schneck, M. 1993. Creating a Butterfly Garden: A Guide to Attracting and Identifying Visitors. Quarto Publishing, London. 80 pp.

Sedenko, J. 1991. The Butterfly Garden: Creating Beautiful Gardens to Attract Butterflies. Villard Books, New York.

Stokes, D, L. Stokes and E. Williams. 1991. The Butterfly Book: An Easy Guide to Butterfly Gardening, Identification and Behavior. Little, Brown & Co., Boston. 96 pp.

Butterfly on white background Butterfly on white background

Nymphalidae: Lesser Fritillaries

Villard, P. 1975. Moths and How to Rear Them. Dover Publications, New York. 242 pp.

Weller, S. 1995. What is a butterfly? The mystery of butterfly origins. Imprint 7(3):1-5. James Ford Bell Museum of Natural History, University of Minnesota.

Xerces Society. 1990. Butterfly Gardening: Creating Summer Magic in Your Garden. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco. 192 pp.


Butterfly Lovers International, 210 Columbus Ave., San Francisco, CA 94133, (415) 864-1169.

Entomological Society of America, 9301 Annapolis Rd., Lanham MD 20706-3115, (301) 731-4535.

Lepidoptera Research Foundation, c/o Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, 2559 Puesta Del Sol, Santa Barbara CA 93105-2936, (803) 682-4711.

Lepidopterists’ Society, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 900 Exposition Blvd., Los Angeles CA 90007-4057, (213) 744-3364.

National Wildlife Federation, Urban Wildlife Programs, 1400 16th St. NW, Washington DC 20036-2217, (202) 797-6800.

North American Butterfly Association, 4 Delaware Rd., Morristown NJ, 07960-5725, (201) 285-0890.

Xerces Society, 10 Southwest Ash St., Portland OR 97204-3516, (503) 222-2788.

Young Entomologists’ Society, International Headquarters, 1915 Peggy Pl., Lansing MI 48910-2553, (517) 887-0499.

The national insect of the United States, the Monarch (Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus) annually migrates by the millions to overwinter in Mexico.


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