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Extension > Garden > Yard and Garden > Flowers > Roses for the North > Roses for the north: Table 2

Roses for the north: Table 2

Floral traits of the rose cultivars evaluated in the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum study. Arrangement is alphabetical by and within classes. Flower color, size, fragrance, form, and inflorescence size are measured on mature flowers. Color categories of the American Rose Society are used for that characteristic.

Color categories:

w=white, near white, white blend
ly=light yellow
my=medium yellow
yb=yellow blend
ab=apricot and apricot blend
op-orange pink
lp=light pink
mp=medium pink
dp=deep pink
pb=pink blend
mr=medium red
dr=dark red
rb=red blend
m=mauve and mauve blend

Fragrance ratings:

0=no fragrance
f=slight fragrance
ff=moderate fragrance
fff=strong fragrance
-f=unpleasant fragrance

Flower form:

single=5 petals
semi=semi-double; 6-14 petals
double=15 or more petals

Flower size:

Inches converted from centimeters are rounded to the nearest half-inch.

 

Cultivar Flower color Flower size Frag-rance Flower form Flowers per cluster
(cm) (in)
Bourbons
Gipsy boy m 4.0 1.5 ff double 2-5
Mme. Ernest Calvat lp 7.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Centifolias
Blanchefleur w 8.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Bullata mp 9.0 3.5 ff double 2-5
Cabbage Rose mp 7.5 3.0 ff double 2-5
Centifolia Variegata pb 8.0 3.0 f double 10-15
Fantin-Latour lp 9.0 3.5 ff double 5-10
Petite de Hollande mp 5.0 2.0 ff double 2-5
Prolifera de Redouté mp 7.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Red Provence mp 7.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Rose de Meaux lp 3.0 1.0 f double 2-5
Rose de Peintres mp 8.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Tour de Malakoff dp 5.0 2.0 f double 2-5
Damasks
Autumn Damask mp 8.0 3.0 fff double 5-10
Césonie dp 5.0 2.0 fff double 5-10
Kazanlik mp 9.0 3.5 fff double 5-10
Leda w 7.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Mme. Hardy w 7.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Marie Louise mp 7.0 3.0 ff double 1
Omar Khayyám mp 4.0 1.5 fff double 2-5
Rose de Rescht dp 7.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
St. Nicholas dp 8.0 3.0 f semi 5-10
York and Lancaster pb 8.0 3.0 ff double 5-10
Floribundas
Chuckles dp 9.5 3.5 fff semi 10-25
Dapple Dawn lp 9.0 3.5 f semi 2-5
Eutin dr 5.0 2.0 f double >25
Nearly Wild mp 5.0 2.0 ff single 15-25
Redcoat rb 11.0 4.5 f semi 2-5
Gallicas
Alain Blanchard m 7.0 3.0 ff semi 2-5
Alice Vena dp 5.0 2.0 fff double 2-5
Alika dp 8.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Belle des Jardins m 8.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Belle Isis lp 8.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Cardinal de Richelieu m 7.0 3.0 f double 2-5
Charles de Mills dp 8.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Désireé Parmentier mp 8.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Duchesse de Montebello lp 7.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Narcisse de Salvandy [no data, died back to the ground every year]
Président de Séze pb 8.0 3.0 f double 2-5
Rosa Mundi pb 9.0 3.5 ff semi 2-5
Rose de Maître d'Ecole mp 9.0 3.5 fff double 2-5
Superb Tuscan dr 7.5 3.0 f semi 2-5
Tuscany dr 7.0 3.0 fff semi 1
Grandifloras
Earth Song dp 10.5 4.0 ff double 2-5
Hybrid albas
Mme. Plantier w 7.0 3.0 f double 2-5
Hybrid blandas
Betty Bland mp 6.0 2.5 ff double 2-5
Hybrid caninas
Andersonii mp 7.0 3.0 ff single 5-10
Hybrid foetidas
Harison's Yellow my 7.0 3.0 f semi 1
Hybrid moyesiis
Marguerite Hilling mp 13.0 5.0 f semi 1
Nevada w 10.0 4.0 ff semi 1
Hybrid musks
Ballerina pb 4.0 1.5 0 single >25
Belinda mp 4.0 1.5 f semi 5-10
Daphne w 4.0 1.5 f semi 15-25
Will Scarlet mr 6.0 2.5 f semi 2-5
Hybrid nitidas
Aylsham mp 7.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Metis mp 7.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Hybrid perpetuals
Baron Girod de l'Ain dp 8.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Frau Karl Druschki w 14.0 5.5 f double 2-5
Mme. Scipion Cochet lp 9.0 3.5 f double 2-5
Mrs. John Laing mp 9.0 3.5 ff double 2-5
Reine des Violettes m 8.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Hybrid rugosas
Agnes ly 7.0 3.0 ff double 1
Amelia Gravereaux dp 8.0 3.0 ff double 5-10
Belle Poitevine mp 8.0 3.0 ff semi 5-10
Blanc Double de Coubert w 9.0 3.5 ff double 5-10
Bonavista mp 5.0 2.0 f double 10-15
Charles Albanel m 8.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
David Thompson dp 8.5 3.5 ff double 5-10
Delicata pb 9.0 3.5 ff semi 5-10
Elmira dp 5.0 2.0 ff double 10-15
Frau Dagmar Hartopp lp 8.0 3.0 ff single 2-5
George Will dp 9.0 3.5 ff double 2-5
Grootendorst Supreme dp 3.0 1.0 0 double 15-25
Hansa m 11.0 4.5 ff double 2-5
Henry Hudson w 6.0 2.5 ff double 5-10
Hunter mr 9.0 3.5 0 double 5-10
Jens Munk mp 7.0 3.0 f double 2-5
Martin Frobisher lp 7.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Moncton lp 5.0 2.0 f double 2-5
Mrs. John McNabb lp 7.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Pink Grootendorst mp 3.0 1.0 0 double 15-25
Rose á Parfum de l'Hay mp 8.0 3.0 fff semi 2-5
Rugosa Magnifica m 9.5 3.5 ff double 2-5
Sir Thomas Lipton w 8.0 3.0 ff double 10-15
Thérèse Bauer mp 7.0 3.0 fff semi 5-10
Thérèse mp 9.0 3.5 ff double 2-5
Will Alderman mp 8.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Hybrid spinosissimas
Frühlingsanfang ly 10.0 4.0 f single 1
Frühlingsduft yb 8.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Frühlingsgold ly 10.0 4.0 f semi 2-5
Karl Förster w 8.0 3.0 f double 1
Suzanne lp 3.0 1.0 f double 2-5
Wildenfelsgelb ly 10.0 4.0 f single 1
Hybrid suffultas
Assiniboine mr 8.0 3.0 f semi 2-5
Cuthbert Grant dr 9.0 3.5 f double 2-5
Kordesiis
Alexander von Humboldt mr 8.0 3.0 f semi 2-5
Dortmund mr 9.0 3.5 0 single 10-15
Henry Kelsey mr 7.0 3.0 ff double 5-10
Illusion mr 9.0 3.5 f double 5-10
John Cabot dp 8.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
John Davis lp 9.0 3.5 0 double 5-10
Karlsruhe mp 10.0 4.0 ff double 5-10
Parkdirektor Riggers dr 7.5 3.0 0 semi 2-5
Rote Max Graf [no data, died back to the ground every year]
William Baffin dp 7.0 3.0 f double 15-25
Miscellaneous old garden roses
Juno lp 10.0 4.0 ff double 5-10
Mosses
Black boy dr 8.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Capitaine John Ingram m 4.0 1.5 f double 2-5
Chevreul lp 7.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Communis pb 7.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Comtesse de Murinais w 7.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Deuil de Paul Fontaine dr 8.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Duchess de Verneuil mp 7.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Gabriel Noyelle ab 9.0 3.5 ff double 2-5
General Kléber pb 8.0 3.0 ff double 5-10
Gloire des Mousseuses pb 9.0 3.5 fff double 1
Goethe dp 5.0 2.0 0 single 5-10
Gracilis mp 7.0 3.0 fff semi 2-5
Henri Martin dp 8.0 3.0 fff semi 5-10
Jeanne de Montfort mp 9.0 3.5 fff semi 5-10
Julie de Mersan mp 8.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Laneii mp 7.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Louis Gimard pb 6.0 2.5 fff double 5-10
Mme. de la Rôche-Lambert mp 8.0 3.0 ff double 5-10
Mme. Louis Lévêque lp 10.0 4.0 ff double 2-5
Mossman lp 7.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Nuits de Young dp 5.0 2.0 f double 2-5
Oeillet Panacheé pb 7.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Perpetual White Moss w 8.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Robert Léopold mp 8.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Salet mp 8.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Violacée m 6.0 2.5 fff double 2-5
Waldtraut Nielsen mp 8.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
White Bath w 6.0 2.5 ff double 2-5
William Lobb m 8.0 3.0 fff semi 5-10
Shrub roses
A. MacKenzie rb 6.0 2.5 ff double 5-10
Adelaide Hoodless mr 6.0 2.5 f semi 5-10
Alchemist ab 9.0 3.5 f double 5-10
Amiga Mia lp 11.5 4.5 f double 2-5
Applejack mp 9.0 3.5 ff semi 10-15
Blue Boy dp 8.0 3.0 -f double 1
Carefree Beauty mp 12.0 4.5 ff double 2-5
Chamcook mp 7.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Country Dancer mp 11.0 4.5 f double 2-5
Golden Wings ly 10.0 4.0 ff single 2-5
Haidee lp 7.0 3.0 ff double 1
J.P. Connell ly 7.0 3.0 f double 2-5
John Franklin mr 8.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Lillian Gibson mp 7.5 3.0 ff double 15-25
Morden Amorette mr 7.0 3.0 0 double 5-10
Morden Cardinette rb 6.0 2.5 0 double 5-10
Morden Ruby rb 7.0 3.0 f double 5-10
Prairie Dawn mp 8.0 3.0 ff double 2-5
Prairie Princess mp 10.5 4.0 ff semi 2-5
Prairie Wren lp 9.0 3.5 f semi 1
Prairie Youth mp 7.0 3.0 f semi 5-10
Robusta mr 9.5 3.5 0 single 5-10
Scharlachglut w 8.0 3.0 fff double 2-5
Species
Dr. Merkeley dp 7.0 3.0 0 double 5-10
R. amblyotis mp 5.0 2.0 f single 2-5
R. arkansana mp 6.0 2.5 ff single 10-15
R. canina lp 4.0 1.5 f single 5-10
R. cinnamomea mp 5.0 2.0 ff single 5-10
R. foetida my 4.5 2.0 -f single 1
R. foetida bicolor mp 12.0 4.5 ff double 2-5
R. glauca mp 3.5 1.5 f single 2-5
R. hugonis my 7.0 3.0 f single 1
R. laxa w 7.0 3.0 f single 1
R. macounii mp 4.0 1.5 f single 2-5
R. mollis mp 5.0 2.0 0 single 2-5
R. multiflora w 3.0 1.0 0 single 2-5
R. nitida mp 5.5 2.0 f single 2-5
R. palustris mp 7.0 3.0 ff single 2-5
R. pendulina dp 5.0 2.0 f single 2-5
R. pomifera mp 4.0 1.5 0 single 2-5
R. primula my 7.0 3.0 f single 1
R. rugosa dp 6.0 2.5 fff single 2-5
R. rugosa alba plena w 9.0 2.5 fff double 2-5
R. rugosa kamtchatica mp 7.0 3.0 f single 2-5
R. sertata mp 5.5 2.0 ff single 2-5
R. setigera dp 7.0 3.0 f single 15-25
R. spinosissima altaica ly 4.0 1.5 0 single 2-5
R. virginiana mp 5.0 2.0 fff single 2-5
R. woodsii mp 4.0 1.5 ff single 2-5
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