Willow > Trunk/Branches > Bark chewed, removed or missing
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Schizophyllum commune, Cerenna unicolor, Trametes versicolor
- Dead branches within the canopy
- Yellowing to brown leaves may be present
- Groups or rows of small (
- Schizophyllum shelf fungi are white and appear fuzzy on top
- Cerrena fungi are white to greenish grey and have concentric rings on the surface
- Trametes shelf fungi are tan to brown with darker rings
- Wood below fungal shelves is yellowish to white, spongy, crumbly and decayed
- Bark around fungal shelves is killed and often falls off
- Common on trees stressed by drought, winter injury, wounds, mechanical injury or other factors
- More information on Sapwood rot...
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Deer feeding/antler rubbing
- Long lines of shredded or peeled off bark along main trunk up to 3 feet off the ground from antler rubbing; wood may appear shiny or "polished"
- Leaves and small branches (
- Feeding occurs from the ground up to 6 feet or slightly higher; ragged edges, same as above; if the bark is removed by a deer there will be no teeth marks
- More information on Deer feeding/antler rubbing...
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- Bark is completely removed from the main trunk, only young trees are damaged
- Regular scraping the size of a spoon tip can be seen in the wood
- Damage can occur from ground level to several feet up the trunk depending on the depth of winter snow
- Small twigs are cleanly cut off with a sharp edge, at a 45 degree angle
- Majority of damage occurs in winter and early spring
- Rabbit droppings (small, round pellets) often found near damaged tree
- More information on Rabbit feeding...
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Microtus spp. and Phenacomys spp.
- On young trees, bark is completely removed from the main trunk in irregular patches
- Scraping the size of fork tines can be seen in exposed wood
- Damage occurs during winter from the ground level up to winter snow depth
- Trees and shrubs appear to "die suddenly" during the growing season, especially if they experience any drought stress
- More information on Vole feeding...