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Extension > Garden > Diagnose a problem > What's wrong with my plant? > Annuals and Perennials > Petunia > Holes in leaves or leaves chewed off

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Petunia > Leaves > Holes in leaves or leaves chewed off

1 of 5
  • Rabbit damaged plant 1
  • Rabbit damaged plant 2
  • Rabbit damaged plant 3

Rabbit

  • All or large sections of leaves are cut off and missing, leaving only a stem or petiole
  • Plants are cut off with a clean-cut angle (45°), not ragged
  • Animal foot prints or droppings may be seen near plant
  • Damage often happens suddenly, often overnight
  • More information on rabbits
2 of 5
  • Deer damaged plant 1
  • Deer damaged plant 2
  • Deer droppings 3

Deer

  • All or large sections of leaves are cut off and missing, leaving only a stem or petiole
  • Plants are not cut off clean, but ragged
  • Animal foot prints or droppings may be seen near plant
  • Damage often happens suddenly, often overnight
  • More information about deer
3 of 5
  • Slug damage 1
  • Slug damage 2
  • Slug 3

Slugs
Latin Name

  • Occur in spring and summer
  • Chew ragged, irregular shaped holes in leaves that cross the veins
  • Silvery shiny winding trails may be seen on leaves
  • Soft-bodied, brownish, up to two or more inches long; snails without shells
  • Feed primarily at night
  • More information on slugs
4 of 5
  • Tomato hornworm 1
  • Tomato hornworm droppings 2
  • Tomato hornworm damage 3

Tomato Hornworm
Manduca quinquemaculata

  • Damage occurs July through September
  • Chews leaves, can completely defoliate plants
  • Generally green in color
  • Has a series of V-shaped white markings along the abdomen, and a horn at the tip of the abdomen that is usually black; grows up to  four inches long
  • More information on Tomato Hornworms
5 of 5
  • Variegated cutworm 1
  • Variegated cutworm damage 2
  • Variegated cutworm moth 3

Variegated Cutworm
Peridroma saucia

  • Chews irregular holes between veins of leaves; can completely eat leaves
  • Feeds on flowers and bores into buds
  • Caterpillar is dark-colored (brown to black); approximately 1 ½ to 2 inches long; series of pale yellow diamond-shaped spots along the top of the body starting near the head
  • May have dark-colored ‘W’ near the posterior end of the body
  • Curl into ball when disturbed
  • More information on Variegated Cutworms

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