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Extension > Garden > Diagnose a problem > What's wrong with my plant? > Annuals and Perennials > Purple Cone Flower (Echinacea) > Holes in leaves

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Purple Cone Flower (Echinacea) > Holes in leaves

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  • Image: Checkerspot 1
  • Image: Checkerspot 2

Checkerspot butterfly caterpillar

  • Occurs May and June
  • Chews holes in leaves of perennials
  • Grows over 1 inch long, black with spines
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  • Image: animal damage 3
  • Image: animal damage 2
  • Image: animal damage 1

Deer, rabbit and other animal damage

  • All of large sections of leaves are cut off and missing, leaving only a stem or petiole (leaf stalk)
  • Animal foot prints or dropping near plant
  • Often happens suddenly, overnight
  • More information on Deer damage...
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  • Image: Hail 1


  • Ragged holes in foliage
  • Appears suddenly, after sever weather
  • Affects very local area only, sometimes individual plants show damage
  • Plants outgrow damage, leaves produced after hail event are undamaged

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