Designing feeding programs for natural and organic pork production
There are extensive standards for organic pork production.
The National Organic Standards require organic producers to maintain production and management records.
How to manage pig health without antibiotics or animal-derived ingredients.
View example diets for the growing pig, gestating sow, and lactating sow.
Use of forages can lower costs of grain and protein supplementation.
- Becker, J. M., M. S. Honeyman, J. Kliebenstein. 1999. Organic pork production: A two-litter pasture farrow-to-finish budget. Iowa State University.
- Close, W. H. 2000. Producing Pigs Without Antibiotic Growth Promoters. Western Hog Journal (Special Edition, Banff Pork Seminar 2000), Vol. 21, 4:29-30.
- Edwards, S. A. 1999. Organic Pig Production. Proceedings-2nd Symposium on Swine Raised Outdoors. Concordia, Brazil, September 1999.
- Kephart, K. B., G. R. Hollis, and D. M. Danielson. 2006. Forages for Swine.
- Macey, A. 2000. Organic Livestock Handbook. Canadian Organic Growers, Inc., Box 6408, Station J, Ottawa, Ontario.
- National Standards on Organic Production and Handling. 2000. Available at: . United States Department of Agriculture/Agricultural Marketing Service.
- Nutrient Requirements of Swine. Eleventh Revised Edition. 2012. Subcommittee on Swine Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition, Board on Agriculture, National Research Council. National Academy Press. Washington D.C.
- Thacker, P.A., and R. N. Kirkwood. 1990. Nontraditional Feed Sources for Use in Swine Production. Butterworth Publishers, Stoneham, MA.
- United States-Canadian Tables of Feed Composition, Third Revised Edition. 1982. Subcommittee on Feed Composition, Committee on Animal Nutrition, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources. National Research Council. National Academy Press. Washington D.C.
- Van Heutgen, E., T. Schell, and J. R. Jones. 2006. Principles of Balancing Swine Rations.
- Wheaton, H. N., and J. C. Rea. 1993. Forages for Swine. University of Missouri Extension publication G2360.
- Zeller, J. H. 1948. The Use of Forage in Feeding Hogs. Grass Yearbook of Agriculture. USDA.
- ATTRA - National Sustainable Agriculture Information Services. Information on sustainable and organic production including livestock and marketing.
- Minnesota Grown Program: Statewide partnership between the Minnesota Department of Agriculture and Minnesota producers of specialty crops and livestock.
- Organic Food and Agriculture, University of Minnesota.
Certification agencies operating in USA
View list of currently authorized agents to certify farms and businesses to the USDA organic regulations.