- Cultural adaptation of Somali refugee youth
Author: Shepard, R. M.
Publisher: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC
ABSTRACT: Much research has been conducted on the cultural adaptation of Asian, Latinos and Afro-Caribbean youth in the United States, but little on the children of African immigrants. Observations concerning the adaptation of other immigrant groups may not transfer to African immigrants. Shepard explores the cultural adaptation of a group of Somali refugee youths in a public urban high school. As these youth negotiate the social contexts of peers, school, family, and community we see the ways in which race, religion, gender, and youth culture shape their notions of identity. Through the voices of these young people we learn how they create personae in order to conform to the host society without necessarily accepting its molds. As one student remarks, Acting is not becoming.
- Somali Family Care Network
ABSTRACT: The Somali Family Care Network (SFCN)is a national nonprofit organization dedicated to helping all Somali groups in the United States work together to improve the social and economic opportunities for the Somali community. SFCN is governed by a board of directors that strives to empower refugees through capacity building and social mobilization activities that will aid refugees in their transition from dependency to self-sufficiency and integration into American society. SFCN aims to act as a national resource for the growing Somali immigrant community as well as for the refugee and mainstream service providers who interface with Somali communities in the U.S. Additionally, SFCN acts as a technical assistance organization, providing training to strengthen institution building, resource development and leadership development.
- Confederation of Somali Community in MN
Type of Site: organization
ABSTRACT: Somali refugees who fled a brutal civil war in their Northeast African nation, at one time colonized by Italy and Britain, started arriving at shores of the United States at the end of 1991. The war, which is still going on, through the years, has brought more than 100,000 Somalis (of which 40,000 have resettled in Minnesota) to the United States. By 1994, these Somalis, of all economic and social backgrounds, in their hundreds, have established the Confederation of Somali Community as a 501Â©3 non-profit organization. a 1996 linkage with Pillsbury United Communities and a grant from Bush Foundation solidified CSCM's credentials as a mutual assistance association, since then CSCM has improved delivery of services and expanded relationships with other communities and agencies.
- Mental health of Somali adolescent refugees: The role of trauma, stress, and perceived discrimination
Author: Ellis, B. H., MacDonald, H. Z., Lincoln, A. K., & Cabral, H. J.
Journal: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, volume 76, issue 2
ABSTRACT: The primary purpose of this study was to examine relations between trauma exposure, post-resettlement stressors, perceived discrimination, and mental health symptoms in Somali adolescent refugees resettled in the U.S. Participants were English-speaking Somali adolescent refugees between the ages of 11 and 20 (N = 135) who had resettled in the U.S. Participants were administered an interview battery comprising self-report instruments that included the UCLA Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Index, the War Trauma Screening Scale, the Every Day Discrimination scale, the Adolescent Post-War Adversities Scale, and the Acculturative Hassles Inventory. Results indicated that cumulative trauma was related to PTSD and depression symptoms. Further, post-resettlement stressors, acculturative stressors, and perceived discrimination were also associated with greater PTSD symptoms after accounting for trauma, demographic, and immigration variables. Number of years since resettlement in the US and perceived discrimination were significantly related to depressive symptoms, after accounting for trauma, demographic, and immigration variables. Further research elucidating the relations between post-resettlement stressors, discrimination, and mental health of refugee adolescents may inform intervention development.
- How schools can best support Somali students and their families
Author: Koch, J. M.
Journal: International Journal of Multicultural Education, Volume 9, Number 1
ABSTRACT: Immigrant students often post a challenge to educators. In particular, the Somali population of students presents a unique challenge due to the nature of their immigration, their history and culture, the fact that most are Muslim, and the fact that they are often labeled as "Black" by native-born peers. This article discusses the needs of Somali students and their families in education systems around the world and presents recommendations for schools to ease their transition. Future directions for research are also presented.
- Weaving multiple literacies: Somali children and their teachers in the context of school culture
Author: Masny, D. & Ghahremani-Ghajar, S.
Journal: Language Culture & Curriculum Volume: 12
ABSTRACT: This ethnographic case study examined the relationship between literacies and school and community cultures by exploring literacy events as they unfold for Somali children in a Canadian elementary school. Field notes and interviews involving Somali and school community members were analyzed based on the view that literacies are enmeshed in cultural, racial, and religious differences. Validating these differences within school culture is important so that children, instead of experiencing marginalization, can regain voice, power, and self-worth. Data were triangulated through participant observation; formal and informal interviews with the children, school staff, and community informants; samples of the children's writing; and informal procedures for the evaluation of children's 1st and 2nd language skills. The data provide examples that legitimate children's personal and communal histories in the classroom. It is suggested that by proposing a pedagogy of difference, educators can chart possibilities for inclusion by weaving multiples literacies in school culture.
- Working with children from refugee communities
Author: Iszatt, J. & Price, R.
Journal: Educational & Child Psychology Volume: 12
ABSTRACT: Informal and professional contact with refugee communities has made the authors aware that support networks and expertise are often available from within the community; yet these invaluable resources are often untapped, and professionals work in isolation. This article explores the role of the educational psychologist in relation to refugee communities. A workshop outlined research findings, examined how the Somali community in Tower Hamlets works through established networks to meet the needs of new arrivals, and presented the case for partnership between psychologists and professionals from the community as a model for future work. Case studies served as a stimulus for discussion where participants considered tensions inherent in work with children from refugee communities and implications for practice.