- Self-regulatory behavior and risk taking: Causes and consequences
Author: Lipsitt, L. P. & Mitnick, L. L. (Eds.).
Publisher: Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing
ABSTRACT: Emerging from two conferences sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health, this volume discusses scientific and clinical knowledge in areas of health concern where behavioral factors are known causes of, or are implicated in, death, disease, and disability. The 24 papers are in six parts: epidemiological considerations — preludes to intervention, developmental and cultural aspects, mechanisms and processes, psychopathology of risk taking, further intervention issues, and implications and speculations — self-regulation and risk.
- Adolescent risk behaviors: Why teens experiment and strategies to keep them safe
Author: Wolfe, D. A., Jaffe, P. G., & Crooks, C. V.
Publisher: Yale University Press
ABSTRACT: This book focuses on the crucial role that relationships play in the lives of teenagers. The authors particularly examine the ways that healthy relationships can help teens avoid such common risk behaviors as substance abuse, dating violence, sexual assault, and unsafe sexual practices. Addressing the current lack of effective prevention programs for teens, they present new strategies for encouraging healthy choices. The book first traces differences between the "rules of relating" for boys and girls and discusses typical and atypical patterns of experimentation in teens. The authors identify the common link among risk behaviors: the relationship connection. In the second part of the book, they examine the principles of successful programs used by schools and communities to cultivate healthy adolescent development. An illuminating conclusion describes the key ingredients for engaging adolescents, their parents, teachers, and communities in the effort to promote healthy, nonviolent relationships among teens.
- A tribe apart: A journey into the heart of American adolescence
Author: Hersch, P.
Publisher: New York: Ballantine Books
Why do teenagers so often seem like a different species? Journalist Patricia Hersch gives a troubling answer in her fascinating, up-close-and-personal look at what it means to be a teen in today's American high schools. Rather than interviewing "high-risk" teens (those already swept up in a cycle of drug use, gang violence, or unintended pregnancy, for example), Hersch focuses her attention on "regular kids" — adolescents who are average achievers on academic and social levels. In light of this, A Tribe Apart is all the more startling to read: Hersch's investigative approach makes it impossible for parents to shrug off their responsibilities by saying "That's not my kid." This is your kid. Hersch offers readers a fly-on-the-wall perspective as she spends three years hanging out with eight youths, submerging herself in their environment. They struggle with all the things you might remember or expect from the teen years: figuring out relationships, establishing friendships, determining what's cool and uncool, experiencing sexual attraction. But these teens — and, as Hersch asserts, the majority of teens in America today--have much, much more piled on their plates. Having been left to their own devices by a preoccupied, self-involved, and "hands-off" generation of parents, adolescents have had to figure out their own system of ethics, morals, and values, and rely on each other for advice on such profound topics as abuse, dysfunctional parents, and sex (with all its accompanying ramifications).
- Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)
Organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Type of Site: government
Contact: 1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six types of health-risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among youth and adults, including:
- Behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence
- Sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV infection
- Alcohol and other drug use
- Tobacco use
- Unhealthy dietary behaviors
- Inadequate physical activity
- Adolescent Health
Organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Type of Site: government
Contact: 1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA; 1-800-311-3435
This website contains information and links to publications about adolescents' health behavior and serious health and safety issues such as motor vehicle crashes, violence, substance use, and risky sexual behaviors.
- Predicting risk-taking with and without substance use: The effects of parental monitoring, school bonding, and sports participation
Author: Dever, B. V., Schulenberg, J. E., Dworkin, J. B., O'Malley, P. M., Kloska, D. D., & Bachman, J. G.
Journal: Prevention Science, Volume 13, Issue 6
ABSTRACT: Risk-taking is statistically normative during adolescence, yet is associated with adverse outcomes including substance use. The present study draws the distinction between protective factors (effective for those identified as high risk takers) and promotive factors (effective for all) against substance use, focusing on parental monitoring, school bonding, and sports participation. A total of 36,514 8th and 10th grade participants in the national Monitoring the Future study were included. Although parental monitoring was associated with lower alcohol and marijuana use among all adolescents (i.e., promotive effect), these effects were strongest among the highest risk takers (i.e., protective effect) and females. School bonding was associated with lower levels of both alcohol and marijuana use among all groups of adolescents, but these promotive effects were weak. Sports participation was associated with higher levels of alcohol use among all males and among 8th grade females who did not identify as high risk takers. Despite being a risk factor for alcohol use, sports participation did demonstrate a promotive effect against marijuana use among 10th grade females only, and especially so for high risk-taking females (i.e., protective effect). Overall, these findings suggest that of the three mechanisms studied, parental monitoring emerged as the most promising entry point for substance use prevention and intervention across groups, particularly for females and high risk-taking adolescents.
- Psychosocial resources, adolescent risk behavior and young adult adjustment: Is risk taking more dangerous for some than others?
Author: Maggs, J. L., Frome, P. M., Eccles, J. S., & Barber
Journal: Journal of Adolescence Volume: 20
ABSTRACT: Examined whether social and personal resources predicted adjustment both as a main effect and in interaction with risk behavior among 693 12th graders (mean age 17.79 yrs). Ss completed the self-report measures, representing 5 domains, in Grade 12 and 2 yrs later. Results showed that personal and social resources predicted success in occupational, relational and health domains. High school risk behaviors predicted decreased success in relational domains, and alcohol use predicted higher educational attainment, independent of the relations with psychosocial resources. Interactions of resources with risk behaviors predicting adjustment were inconsistent, but resources predicted decreased risk behaviors in young adulthood among adolescent risk-takers. The discussion focused on the value of, and challenges to, research on consequences of adolescent risk taking.
- Alternative structural models for understanding adolescent problem behavior in two-earner families
Author: Maggs, J. L., & Galambos, N. L.
Journal: Journal of Early Adolescence Volume: 13
ABSTRACT: Examined longitudinal relations among adolescents' problem behavior, conflict with parent, and association with deviant peers. 90 young adolescents (mean age 11.6 yrs at Time 1) and their employed mothers and fathers completed questionnaires at 3 times of measurement spanning 1 yr. The relations among problem behavior and parent-adolescent conflict were bidirectional (or reciprocal). Problem behavior predicted future deviant peer contacts. Having deviant peers did not predict future problem behavior.