- Social and emotional adjustment and family relations in ethnic minority families
Author: Taylor, R. D., & Wang, M. C. (Eds.)
Publisher: Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum
ABSTRACT: A major premise of this book is that understanding the determinants of ethnic minority adolescents' social behavior requires knowledge of the multiple contexts in which they live and develop. The focus is on building the resilience of families facing economic and social disadvantage. This book has 2 major goals: to advance the research base on the social and emotional functioning of ethnic minority adolescents and their families across a number of critical contexts (neighborhood, family environment, peers, school), and to demonstrate how knowledge of family and adolescent functioning can inform areas of practice and policy.
- Family matters: The importance of mattering to family in adolescence
Author: Elliott, G. C.
ABSTRACT: Combining empirical evidence with indices to measure mattering, Family Matters: The Importance of Mattering to Family in Adolescence explores the inverse relationship between mattering and dysfunctional behavior in adolescence. -Defines mattering and distinguishes among the three ways that people can matter to others: awareness, importance, and reliance
- Utilizes empirical evidence from a quantitative analyses of data from a nationwide survey 2,004 adolescents to support author's assertions
- Explores the impact of structural and demographic factors such as family structure in developing of a sense of mattering in adolescents
- Includes helpful indices, including his Mattering Index and Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Index
- Suggests how parents, teachers, and other significant people in the lives of adolescents can work to instill a sense of mattering in those under their care
- Resilience across contexts: Family, work, culture, and community
Author: Taylor, R. D., & Wang, M. C. (Eds.)
Publisher: New York: Psychology Press
ABSTRACT: The chapters included in this volume are written by leading scholars in varied disciplines, including economics, developmental and educational psychology, education, and sociology. Their research focuses on emerging issues that have significant implications for policy and practice in such areas as employment and new technologies; maternal employment and family development; family structure and family life; immigration, migration, acculturation, and education of children and youth; and social and human services delivery. The overall goal of this publication is to take stock of what is known from research and practice to improve our capacity for improvement of practices and policies that promote resilience development in children and families faced with some of the most challenging life circumstances.
- National Stepfamily Resource Center
ABSTRACT: The National Stepfamily Resource Center (NSRC) is a division of Auburn University's Center for Children, Youth, and Families (CCYF). The primary objective of NSRC is to serve as a clearinghouse of information, linking family science research on stepfamilies and best practices in work with couples and children and stepfamilies.
- The Search Institute
ABSTRACT: For more than 50 years, the Search Institute has been a leader and partner for organizations around the world in discovering what kids need to succeed. Our research, resources, and expertise help our partners in organizations, schools, and community coalitions solve critical challenges in the lives of young people.
- Stepfamily Association of America
Type of Site: organization
Contact: 650 J Street, Suite 205, Lincoln, NE 68508 voice: (800) 735-0329 - fax (402) 477-8317 Central Time Zone - Office hours 8:00am to 4:00pm weekdays
The Stepfamily Association of America (SAA) is a national organization dedicated to providing support and guidance to families with children from previous relationships ... stepfamilies. SAA provides information, education, support, and advocacy for stepfamilies and those who work with them. The organization's goals are to (1) Develop and disseminate research-based information and materials; (2) Design, implement, and evaluate opportunities for support and education; (3)Evaluate and recommend programs, materials, and standards of practice; and (4) Advocate for financial, institutional, political and social changes that support stepfamilies.
- Raising Caring and Responsible Teenagers
Organization: Search Institute
Type of Site: organization
Contact: The Banks Building, 615 First Avenue NE, Suite 125 ,Minneapolis, MN 55413 612-376-8955 or 800-888-7828
Search Institute is an independent, nonprofit, nonsectarian organization whose mission is to advance the well-being of adolescents and children by generating knowledge and promoting its application. To accomplish this mission, the institute generates, synthesizes, and communicates new knowledge, convenes organizational and community leaders, and works with state and national organizations. At the heart of the institute's work is the framework of 40 developmental assets , which are positive experiences, relationships, opportunities, and personal qualities that young people need to grow up healthy, caring, and responsible. Created in 1990, the framework is grounded in research on child and adolescent development, risk prevention, and resiliency. Surveys of more than 1 million 6th-12th-grade youth in communities across the United States consistently show that young people who experience more of these assets are more likely to make healthy choices and avoid a wide range of high-risk behaviors. The relative absence of these assets in the lives of young people in every community studied has prompted hundreds of communities to mobilize on behalf of young people.
- Patterns of interaction in family relationships and the development of identity exploration in adolescence
Author: Grotevant, H. D., & Cooper, C. R.
Journal: Child Development, Volume 56, Number 2
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research was to develop a model of individuation in family relation-ships that focuses on communication processes, and to assess the links between them and adolescent identity exploration. Expressions of the 4 dimensions of the model-self-assertion, separateness, permeability, and mutuality-were predicted to be positively associated with identity exploration in adolescents. A sample of 84 Caucasian, middle-class, 2-parent families, each including an adolescent and 1 or 2 siblings, was observed in a Family Interaction Task designed to elicit the expression and coordination of a variety of points of view. Multiple regression analyses revealed differentiated results concerning father-son, father-daughter, mother-son, mother-daughter, and marital relationships as well as both positive and negative contributions of communication variables to identity exploration when verbal ability and sociability were controlled. Results are discussed in terms of recent formulations of the progressive redefinition of the parent-child relationship during
- Dynamics of identity development and separation-individuation in parent-child relationships during adolescence and emerging adulthood
Author: Koepke, S., & Denissen, J. J. A.
Journal: Developmental Review, volume 32
ABSTRACT: Identity development and separation-individuation in parent-child relationships are widely perceived as related tasks of psychosocial maturation. However, a dynamic, developmental perspective that explains how intra-personal change in identity evolves from transactions between parents and children is not sufficiently represented in the literature. In this article, a selective literature review of psychological approaches to identity development and separation-individuation is presented with a focus on how the role of parents has been covered by approaches to identity development and on how general mechanisms of identity change could be filled with content by processes of separation-individuation. Afterwards, dynamics of identity development and separation-individuation are integrated based on the conceptualization of parents and children as two interrelated identity systems. Specifically, it is illustrated how interpersonal differences in long-term related changes in identity formation, identity evaluation, autonomy, and separateness and attachment between parents and children, could be explained by parent-child transactions in the transition between childhood and adolescence and between adolescence and emerging adulthood. Finally, implications of an integrative perspective for future empirical research are discussed.
- Sibling relationships and influences in childhood and adolescence
Author: McHale, S. M., Updegraff, K. A., & Whiteman, S. D.
Journal: Journal of Marriage and Family, Volume 74, Issue 5
ABSTRACT: The authors review the literature on sibling relationships in childhood and adolescence, starting by tracing themes from foundational research and theory and then focusing on empirical research during the past 2 decades. This literature documents siblings' centrality in family life, sources of variation in sibling relationship qualities, and the significance of siblings for child and adolescent development and adjustment. Sibling influences emerge not only in the context of siblings' frequent and often emotionally intense interactions but also by virtue of siblings' role in larger family system dynamics. Although siblings are building blocks of family structure and key players in family dynamics, their role has been relatively neglected by family scholars and by those who study close relationships. Incorporating study of siblings into family research provides novel insights into the operation of families as social and socializing systems.
- Fragile families and child well-being: A survey of new parents
Author: Garfinkel, I., & McLanahan, S.
Journal: Focus Volume: 21
Page: pp. 9-11
ABSTRACT: This article outlines the objectives, design, and preliminary findings of the Fragile Families Study (FFS), which was created to study the scientific basis for new welfare and child support policies which increase parental responsibility for raising children outside of marriage. The FFS will sample 4,700 new marital and nonmarital births in 20 U.S. cities, interviewing mothers and fathers in the hospital shortly after the birth of their child. The results discussed here are based on data from Austin, Texas, and Oakland, California. The first set of questions focuses on the father's capabilities for supporting a family and their propensity for violence. The authors found that the majority of fathers do not pose a threat to the mother or the child, and only a small percentage are drug users or are physically abusive. At the same time, most of the fathers are not in a good position to support their family, because of lack of education and low earnings and job instability. The second set of questions focuses on the nature of the relationships between parents in fragile families. The findings show that at the time of the child birth, the majority of the unwed fathers are attached to their families and the mothers are supportive of their involvement. The third question concerns the ways in which the labor market, welfare, and child support enforcement affect parents relationships. There are not yet any concrete findings at this point, but the study will examine the ways in which these factors interact and their effects on fragile families. The fourth question focuses on the effects of policies and family relationships on the well-being of children. The authors find that the majority of mothers and babies born in Oakland and Austin are healthy, but an alarming number of mothers do not receive prenatal care and engage in risky health behaviors during pregnancy. All of these findings should help policymakers encourage existing positive and healthy behaviors among fragile families while providing insights into where common problems arise.
- Changes in adolescents' daily interactions with their families from ages 10 to 18: Disengagement and transformation
Author: Larson, R. W., Richards, M. H., Moneta, G., Holmbeck, G. et al.
Journal: Developmental Psychology Volume: 32
ABSTRACT: In a cross-sequential study spanning 5th-12th grade, 220 White working — and middle-class youth provided reports on their experience at 16,477 random moments in their lives. Amount of time spent with family was found to decrease from 35% to 14% of waking hours across this age period, indicating disengagement. However, transformation and continued connection were evident in stability across age in time talking and alone with parents; an age increase in family conversation about interpersonal issues, particularly for girls; and with age, adolescents' more frequent perception of themselves as leading interactions. After a decrease in early adolescence, older teens reported more favorable affect in themselves and others during family interactions. Last, the age decline in family time was found to be mediated not by internal family conflict but by opportunities and pulls an adolescent experiences from outside the family.