- Smoking, drinking, and drug use in young adulthood: The impacts of new freedoms and new responsibilities
Author: Bachman, J. G., Wadworth, K. N., O'Malley, P. M.
Publisher: Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum
ABSTRACT: Book Series Title: Research monographs in adolescence This book focuses on transitions into young adulthood. Here [the authors] examine key roles and experiences of young adulthood — involving a wide range of new freedoms and new responsibilities — and how they are related to changes in drug use. [The authors'] findings are based on the nationwide Monitoring the Future project, and represent the majority of individuals who entered young adulthood in the US during the past 2 decades (i.e., the high-school classes of 1976 through 1994). We have tracked [33,000] young [adults]..., surveying them throughout their 20s and into their 30s. We have asked our respondents about their schooling, employment, living arrangements, marriages, pregnancies, parenthood, and even their divorces.
- Rethinking Substance Abuse: What the Science Shows, and What We Should Do About It
Author: Miller, W. R., & Carroll, K. M. (Eds.)
Publisher: New York, NY: Guilford
ABSTRACT: While knowledge on substance abuse and addictions is expanding rapidly, clinical practice still lags behind. This state-of-the-art book brings together leading experts to describe what treatment and prevention would look like if it were based on the best science available. The volume incorporates developmental, neurobiological, genetic, behavioral, and social-environmental perspectives. Tightly edited chapters summarize current thinking on the nature and causes of alcohol and other drug problems; discuss what works at the individual, family, and societal levels; and offer robust principles for developing more effective treatments and services.
- National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Organization: National Institutes of Health
Type of Site: government
ABSTRACT: The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) supports and conducts research on the impact of alcohol use on human health and well-being. NIAAA leads the national effort to reduce alcohol-related problems by coordinating and collaborating with other research institutes and federal programs on alcohol-related issues, collaborating with state, national, and international organizations and agencies, and translating and disseminating research findings to health care providers, researchers, policymakers, and the public.
- Stop Underage Drinking
Organization: Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Prevention of Underage Drinking (ICCPUD)
Type of Site: organization
ABSTRACT: This website contains links to publications and research reports about teen alcohol use and prevention efforts.
- SAMHSA Underage Drinking PSA and Resources: "Talk. They Hear You."
Organization: Substance Above and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Underage Drinking Website
- Parent-based intervention strategies to reduce adolescent alcohol-impaired driving
Author: Jaccard, J., & Turrisi, R.
Journal: Journal of Studies on Alcohol Volume: Supp 13
ABSTRACT: Reviews selected issues to consider when designing parent-based interventions for reducing alcohol-impaired driving in adolescent populations, and presents a theoretical framework for analyzing such behavior. The existing literature on alcohol-impaired driving and parent influences is considered, based on a literature review of contemporary social science journals. Data also are presented from a survey of junior and senior high school students in New York. Parent-based approaches are promising and represent an additional tool in the armament of strategies to reduce alcohol-impaired driving. Programs should (1) focus on variables that are amenable to change (i.e., cognitions and attitudes), (2) conduct preliminary studies to isolate relevant attitudes and cognitions for the target population of interest, (3) formulate strategies that recognize the numerous demands in a parent's life and (4) take into account existing theoretical frameworks on alcohol-impaired driving in adolescents.
- Getting drunk and growing up: Trajectories of frequent binge drinking during the transition to adulthood
Author: Schulenberg, J., O'Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., Wadsworth, K. N., & Johnston, L. D.
Journal: Journal of Studies on Alcohol Volume: 57
ABSTRACT: Identified different trajectories of frequent binge drinking during the transition to young adulthood. Four waves of national panel data were obtained from the Monitoring the Future project. 9,945 weighted cases from 1976-85 high school senior year cohorts were surveyed at biennial intervals between ages 18 and 24. Six distinct frequent binge drinking trajectory groups were confirmed: Never, Rare, Chronic, Decreased, Increased and "Fling." Repeated measures ANOVAs revealed that the trajectories corresponded to patterns of change and stability in problems with alcohol, attitudes about heavy drinking, peer heavy drinking and illicit drug use. The findings provide strong evidence for wide developmental variation in drinking patterns in the population, as the developmental variation in frequent binge drinking trajectories reflects systematic variation in success and difficulties in negotiating the transition to young adulthood.
- Preventive interventions addressing underage drinking: State of the evidence and steps toward public health impact
Author: Spoth, R., Greenberg, M., Turrisi, R.
Journal: Pediatrics, Volume 121, No: 4
ABSTRACT: The epidemiological features of underage drinking and evidence of its social, health, and economic consequences suggest compelling reasons for the development and dissemination of effective preventive interventions. To clarify the nature and extent of the current evidence base on preventive interventions addressing underage drinking, a review of the literature was conducted through extensive searches of the research literature on outcome evaluations, existing reviews of this body of outcome research (N = 25), and summary reports of evidence on specific interventions. More than 400 interventions were identified and screened, and the evidence for 127 was reviewed. Criteria for the evaluation of evidence were established for intervention studies with alcohol-specific outcome measures for 3 developmental periods (<10, 10–15, and 16 to ≥20 years of age). Ultimately, 12 interventions met criteria for "most promising" evidence and 29 met criteria for "mixed or emerging" evidence. Conducting this review revealed clear advances in the number of evidence-based interventions available and the quality of outcome research; however, much work remains to achieve greater public health impact through evidence-based interventions. This work should consider (1) the great need for intervention research related to understudied developmental phases, intervention domains (eg, family, school, community, and media), and populations (eg, early tweens, late teens, young adults not attending college, and nonmajority populations); (2) the critical importance of addressing key issues in research design and methods (eg, limited longitudinal studies, replication studies, and dissemination research); and (3) the need for improved consistency in application of evidence and reporting standards. Finally, we recommend the application of emerging consumer-oriented and community-participatory models for intervention development and research, designed to increase the likelihood of "real-world" public health impact through improved translation of intervention science into practice.