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Extension > Environment > Water Resources > Property owners > Shoreland maintenance > Shoreland stewardship scorecard

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Shoreland stewardship scorecard

This fact sheet summarizes BMPs from the
entire series. Check off practices as YOU
adopt them and measure your success
as a shoreland steward.

Practices to adopt

Maintaining your septic system/conserving water

______ Repair leaking pipes and dripping faucets
______ Install low-flow showerheads/low-flush toilets
______ Eliminate use of garbage disposal
______ Wash only full loads-dishes and laundry
______ Switch to liquid laundry detergent
______ Pump septic tank through manhole instead of inspection port
______ Pump septic tank annually
______ Other, what? ____________________

Ensuring safe drinking water supply

______ Test water every two years
______ Disinfect well and plumbing after maintenance
______ Identify location, type, and depth of well
______ Properly seal well that is no longer used
______ Evaluate the condition of wellhead and improve if needed
______ Other, what? ____________________

Limiting recreational impact on water quality

______ Stop washing dishes, laundry, self in lake while camping
______ Move fuel from nearshore location to secure site away from shore
______ Properly dispose of wastewater when boating and ice fishing
______ Eliminate greywater lines from sauna to lake or river
______ Realign dock to permit better water flow; minimize shoreline alteration when installing new dock
______ Observe dates regulating off-road traffic in the spring
______ Make a conscious effort to avoid erosion problems from off-road recreation
______ Contact DNR before trying to remove aquatic vegetation
______ Quit using soap or shampoo in the water
______ Inspect boats and equipment before taking them to another water body
______ Preserve aquatic vegetation in developing new property
______ Develop a beach site with minimal shoreline alteration
______ Adjust speed to reduce wake and minimize wave damage to shore
______ Consider existing natural characteristics of property before designing shoreland development
______ Other, what? ____________________

Developing shoreland landscapes/construction

______ Develop a site plan before beginning construction or landscaping
______ Develop a site plan to improve the landscape
______ Re-establish or preserve a filter strip along the shore
______ Minimize disturbance of plants and trees during construction
______ Plant native trees and shrubs
______ Carefully plan new roads and accesses
______ Install "water bars" to slow runoff along roads and paths
______ Protect trees during construction
______ Plan construction in stages to minimize runoff and erosion of uncovered soil
______ Other, what? ____________________

Stabilizing shoreline to prevent erosion

______ Retain moisture-absorbing vegetation along bluffs
______ Move heavy loads back away from bluffs
______ Retain ice ridges along the shore
______ Install erosion control structure; improve shoreline protection
______ Divert water away from top of bluff
______ Other, what? ____________________

Minimizing runoff from shoreland property

______ Reduce paved or covered areas
______ Use gravel instead of paving driveways
______ Limit clearing and grading on slopes
______ Locate new driveways, walks, and footpaths away from slopes
______ Relocate footpaths and walkways to less steep areas; install steps on paths cutting up and down hillsides
______ Use erosion control structures during construction and landscaping
______ Install rain gutters along edge of rooftops and keep them free of debris to drain properly
______ Keep rooftops free of snow and ice buildup
______ Replace solid concrete patios with wood or paving stones to minimize runoff
______ Sweep driveways and walks instead of washing them down with water
______ Other, what? ____________________

Caring for lawns and gardens

______ Test soil to determine plant nutrients needed before applying fertilizer to lawn and garden
______ Use compost or manure in recommended amounts instead of chemical fertilizer
______ Use extra caution when spreading fertilizer near surface water; do not spread within 75 feet of water or wetland
______ Retain a natural vegetation filter strip of grass, trees, and shrubs next to shoreline
______ Obtain proper identification of pest before applying any pesticide (for weeds, insects, mold, etc.)
______ Follow recommendations for low-maintenance guidelines in fertilizing grass
______ Use slow-release form of nitrogen in fertilizing
______ Locate new garden or relocate old garden on level site, and avoid planting in septic drainfield
______ Prevent yard waste from reaching the water
______ Other, what? ____________________

Managing your shoreland woodlot

______ Establish filter strip between shoreline and area being managed
______ Develop a plan, including a detailed map, before beginning management activity
______ Install roads in locations with lowest slope
______ Use barriers to prevent erosion during road building; mulch and seed exposed soil
______ Contact DNR Division of Waters to see if a protected water permit is needed
______ Use properly sized culverts or bridges to cross stream at 90° angle
______ Design roads for maximum cross drainage to minimize down-road flow
______ Close all temporary roads to prevent unwanted use
______ Locate landings outside filter strips and away from low, poorly drained areas
______ Time harvest appropriately
______ Properly dispose of slash away from wetland areas
______ Do not conduct mechanical site preparation during periods of saturated soil conditions
______ Deposit residue from mechanical site preparation in upland areas
______ Create slash piles that do not interfere with natural drainage
______ Other, what? ____________________

Valuing your shoreland trees

______ Plan development of property to save existing vegetation
______ Use filter strips adjacent to shoreline to minimize runoff to water
______ Contact local zoning office for filter strip requirements before developing new area
______ Contact local zoning office for information on thinning trees in shoreland area
______ Protect existing trees during site development
______ Check for and treat pests and diseases on trees and shrubs
______ Water trees during times of low rainfall or after planting
______ Use a variety of native species in new plantings
______ Rake leaves and vegetative debris away from the water
______ Use lake water to water trees, shrubs, and lawn
______ Other, what? ____________________

Preserving wetlands

______ Preserve existing drainageways during land alterations
______ Avoid filling or draining any wetlands during land alteration
______ Avoid diverting storm water to any wetland
______ Do not use wetland as a dumping ground
______ Establish boardwalks to avoid compacting wetland areas
______ Preserve unique wetland vegetation for habitat
______ Correctly identify a wetland area before beginning land alteration
______ Contact the SWCD for assistance in determining wetland boundaries
______ Other, what? ____________________

Managing crops and animals near shorelands

______ Follow pesticide labels when used
______ Prevent runoff from feedlots or manure storage from entering surface waters
______ Divert water from manure storage or feedlot away from shoreland
______ Control soil erosion by adopting crop rotation or seeding critical areas to grass

Reducing the use of hazardous household products

______ Change buying habits to purchase fewer products that might become hazardous household waste
______ Learn what the safety information and signal words on product labels mean
______ Carefully follow label instructions for use and storage of all household products
______ Properly dispose of banned or unusable pesticides
______ Move paints and pesticides from unheated buildings to an area where they will not freeze and become waste
______ Recycle used motor oil and dispose of antifreeze and other automotive fluids properly
______ Recycle button batteries
______ Purchase alkaline or rechargeable batteries
______ Take hazardous household products such as paint, solvents, thermometers, and other mercury-containing products to a designated collection site

Preventing introduction of exotics

______ Learn to identify exotic species
______ Learn whom to contact if exotic species are found or suspected
______ Help educate other people about preventing the spread of exotics
______ Always drain livewells, bilge water, and transom wells before leaving a boat landing
______ Always empty bait buckets on land, never in the water
______ Never dip bait buckets into a lake when they contain water from another lake
______ Never dump live fish from one water body into another
______ Wash boat, tackle, downriggers, and trailer with hot water between uses on different water bodies
______ Flush hot water through motor's cooling system and other boat parts that come in contact with lake water between uses
______ Let boat and equipment dry for five days before transporting boat to another body of water
______ Other, what? ____________________

Accessing water quality information

______ Call a state agency's regional office for technical assistance
______ Contact a local agency to get questions answered or to apply for a permit

How good a shoreland steward are YOU?

If you checked off You're...
More than 80 BMPs Awesome
60-80 BMPs Doing a great job
40-59 BMPs Well on your way
25-39 BMPs Starting off right
11-24 BMPs Behind the times
1-10 BMPs Get started today!


Shoreland Best Management Practices

Reviewed 2016

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