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Extension > Environment > Trees and woodlands > Forest management practices fact sheet: Managing water series > Roadside and diversion ditches

Roadside and diversion ditches

Best Management Practices (BMPs) can prevent or minimize the impact of forestry activities on rivers, lakes, streams, groundwater, wetlands, and visual quality.

Introduction

Roadside ditches move water alongside a road or trail to a point where it can safely be diverted into vegetated areas away from lakes, wetlands, and streams. Diversion ditches lead water away from the road at a point where this doesn't occur naturally. This keeps runoff, which might be polluted with soil and other materials, from entering water bodies.

Where used

Operators use ditches wherever the natural topography doesn't let water move away from a road, trail, or landing. Roadside ditches are built when there are natural points where water drains away from the road. Diversion ditches are used when natural drainage points can't be found for long stretches. They may be placed every 300 to 500 feet. Operators may build them at low points where water could be trapped. They also can be used on the approach to a stream or wetland crossing.

Application

When building ditches on forest roads:

lead-off-ditch

Lead-off ditch

Advantages

Road and diversion ditches permit handling of water in locations where the topography limits other options. This improves drainage of the road or trail surface and base. The road dries faster and is less rutted and muddy.

Disadvantages

Costs for constructing roadside diversion ditches are high.

Maintenance

Ditches need to be maintained and kept free of clogging debris.

Cooperators
University of Minnesota Extension Service, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Minnesota Logger Education Program, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Michigan State University Extension, and Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

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