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Extension > Agriculture > Poultry > Avian influenza > Hargabka Shimbiraha

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Macluumaad aas-aasi ah oo ku saabsan hargabka shimbiraha, kuna socda dadka haysta shimbiraha xeryaha furan ku jira iyo kuwa sida organiga ah loo koriyo

W. Martin, R. Porter Jr., S.L. Noll and C. Cardona

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Waa maxay Hargabka Shimbiruhu?

Hargabka Shimbiraha oo afka qalaad lagu yiraahdo Avian Influenza (AI) waa cudur ku dhaca shimbiraha la dhaqdo sida digaagga, turkiga, digaag-duurka, boollo-boollada, iyo ceelaabada. Digirinka iyo xiidanxiitadu waxay iyagu hoy u yihiin fayraska noociisa keena cudurka hargabka shimbiraha, waxayna fayraska ku hurgufaan deegaanka, iyaga oo xitaa wax xanuun ahi aanu ka muuqan. Qaar ka mid ah noocyada hargabka shimbiraha ayaa loogu yeeraa kuwo khatar badan, waxana loo soo gaabiyaa (HPAI), maxaa yeelay si ka duwan sida feyraska Digirinka, fayraskani waxa khatar weyn ayuu ku yahay shimbiraha. Calaamadaha khatarta ah ee lagu arko digaagga marka HPAI uu hayo waxay iskugu jiraan kuwo la xiriira dhinaca neefsiga iyo dheef-shiidka, waxana xiga in shimbirtu ay dhakhso u dhimato. Xiligaas waxaa barar lagu arki karaa madaxa, qoorta, iyo indhaha, waxaana isbeddel ku yimaadda midabka madaxa iyo lugaha kaas oo yeesha midabka casaan-buluugga (purple). Si taas ka duwan, noocyada kale oo shimbiraha, sida turkiga, waxaa lagu arkaa calaamado dhinaca dareen-wadka ah, sida jirka oo dubaaxiya, qoorta oo qaloocata, garbaha oo taag beela, iyo iyaga oo lugaha hawada ku dhaqdhaqaajiya, iyada oo dhabarku uu dhulka u yaallo. Waxa caadi ah in dhamaan shimbiraha (marka laga reebo boollo-boollada iyo ceelaabada) uu xanuunku dhakhso ugu bilowdo, tiro badanna ay ka dhimato.

Ilaa bishii Diisembar, 2014kii, Wasaaradda Beeraha ee Maraykanka (USDA), waxay diiwaan galisay xaalado la hubo oo cudurkan HPAI ah, waxana mas’uul ka ahaa nooca gaarka ah ee H5N2 oo laga helay digirinka, iyo digaaga kale ee guraha gadaashooda lagu dhaqdo ee gobolada Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho. Waxa kale oo laga helay shimbiraha ganacsiga gala ee gobolada California, Minnesota, Missouri, iyo Arkansas (Faahfaahin halkan ka eeg). Khatarta dadka uga imanaysaa aad bay u yar tahay, mana jirto welwel dhinaca cuntada ah maxaa yeelay shimbiraha uu cudurku ku dhacaa suuqa ma soo gaaraan. Khatarta in caabuq dhasho waxay ku kooban tahay dadka tooska ula tacaala dhimbiraha uu xanuunku ku dhacay oo kaliya. Xasuusin ahaan, shimbiraha iyo ukumaha waa in si wanaagsan loola tacaalaa, laguna kariyaa heerkul gaaraya 165-degree Fahrenheit. Ha cunin shimbiro u muuqda inay jiran yihiin ama sababo aan la garaneynin u dhintay. Faahfaahin dheeraad ah oo ku saabsan badbaadada cuntada).

Wixii aad sameyn lahayd haddii aad ka shakido in shimbirahaagu ay qabaan hargabka shimbiraha ee aadka u daran.

Gobolka kastaa waxa uu leeyahay hay’ad u gaar ah oo lagu talo galay inay ka jawaabto xaalada hargabka shimbiraha. Minnesota, hay’adda u qaabilsani waa Board of Animal Health. Haddii shimbirahaagu ay la kulmaan dhimasho tiro badan ama boqolkiiba in badan ay muujiyaan calaamadaha hargabka shimbiraha ee daran, fadlan, horay ugu wargali dhakhtarkaaga xayawaanka ama Minnesota Board of Animal Health. Booqo website-kooda, ama wac Minnesota Poultry Testing Laboratory (MPTL), lambarka (320) 231-5170. MPTL waxay la shaqeysaa Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory VDL ee Jaamacadda Minnesota, faraceeda St. Paul. Sheybaarkani waxa uu sameeyaa baarista ku saabsan hargabka shimbiraha. Wixii faahfaahin dheeraad ah, la xiriir VDL, lambarka 612- 625-8787 ama booqo website-kooda.

Talooyin Muhiim ah oo Biyosekuuritiga la xiriira.

Maaddaama bilowga cudurka HPAI uu ka yimaaddo shimbiraha duur-joogta ah, gaar ahaan digirinka oo ku badan dhulka qoyan ee beerta, shimbiraha la dhaqdo ee lagu hayo meelaha furan ayaa khatar weyn ugu jira inay qaadaan cudurka HPAI. Shimbiraha uu ku dhacay cudurkani waxay fayraska u gudbin karaan shimbiro cusub, arrintaas oo ka imanaysa isu-socodka shimbiraha, xaarkooda, qalabka beerta, iyo dadka shimbirahaas xiriirka la soo sameeyey.

Fayraska HPAI waxa uu bilo dhowr ah ku sii jiri karaan xaarka shimbiraha, gaar ahaan markii ay jiraan qoyaan badan iyo heerkul hoose.

Shimbirha xerada furan lagu dhaqo, oo ay ku jiraan kuwa loo dhaqo sida organiga ah, waxay noqdeen hanaan caan baxay oo meelo badan oo Maraykanka ah laga sameeyo. Shimbirahan xerada furan lagu dhaqo, bayosekuuritigu wuu ka dhib badan yahay shimbiraha ka xerada xiran lagu dhaqo. Hase yeeshee, waxaa wali suuro gal ah in layn wax kala saara aad ka sameyso beertaada, ilaa xadna aad kala saarto shimbirahaaga xerada ku jira. Taas micnaheedu waxa weeye in talaabo hagaagsan aad qaadday si loo yareeyo khatarta HPAI, adiga oo shimbirahaagii ka fogeynaya shimbiraha duur-joogta ah, duur-joogta kale, iyo jiirka (doolliga).

Si aad u yareyso khatarta cudurka HPAI:

Macluumaad dheeraad ah

Fadlan booqo website-yadan.

2017

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