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Forage Quarterly

A quarterly newsletter providing research-based information to Minnesota forage producers and their advisors.

Current Issue

Fall 2016, Vol. 3 No. 3

large round bale

Reducing hay storage losses

Production of baled hay uses a large amount of resources (land, labor, seed, fule, fertilizer, equipment). The way you store and feed that hay after baling can have a big effect on losses in hay quantity and quality, so it is worth investing additional resources (money, labor, equipment) in hay storage to preserve the value of the hay and to ensure a good return on your initial investment. Research has shown outdoor hay storage losses of round bales can range from 5 to 35 percent, depending on precipitation, storage site, and original condition of the bale. For more information on reducing storage losses, see the following links:

Buying hay and hay auctions

Keep up to date on current hay prices via the Sauk Centre Hay Auction summaries:

Winter injury of alfalfa: Putting the pieces together for livestock producers

Alfalfa winter injury is impacted by several factors, most notably the associated stress related to management and weather. To date, manipulation of weather is still out of reach. However, there are several cultural strategies that can reduce winter injury and kill:

Yellow alfalfa and Aphanomyces root rot

Proper diagnosis of alfalfa is critical in remediating the given issue. Symptoms are typically coupled with disease-mitigated nutrient deficiencies, which can make diagnosis more challenging. Aphanomyces root rot attacks the roots of established plants, reducing root mass and nodule efficiency resulting in yellow, stunted plants, similar to nitrogen deficiency:


Spring 2016, Vol.3 No. 2

Winter 2016, Vol. 3 No. 1 (1.4 MB PDF)

Summer 2015, Vol. 2 No. 3 (1.9 MB PDF)

Spring 2015, Vol. 2 No. 2 (1.8 MB PDF)

January 2015, Vol. 2 No. 1 (2.8 MB PDF)

August 2014, Vol. 1 No. 3 (1.6 MB PDF)

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