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Extension > Agriculture > Dairy Extension > Feed and Nutrition > Feeding the dairy herd > Table 11-14

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Feeding the dairy herd

Table 06-10 Table of Contents Table 15

TABLE 11. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF VARIOUS METHODS OF STORING AND FEEDING DRY FORAGES
  Losses expected
Hours labor required per ton to
 
Method of storage
Method of feeding
Harvesting
Storage
Feeding
Store
Feed
Tons hay requireda
  % % %  
A. Conventional bales Individually in stanchions or group fed at rack 20 4 5 2.00 1.11 137

B. Large round bales Stored inside, fed in rack 20 4 4 0.10 0.55 135
Stored outside, fed on ground 20 11 22 0.10 0.40 166

C. 3-ton stack Stored outside, fed in rack 20 9 4 0.08 0.24 135
Stored outside, fed on ground 20 9 28 0.08 0.17 171

D. Cubed or pelleted Individually in stanchion or group fed at bunk Usually purchased 2 2 (Depends on facilities & equipment) 130

aTons of hay required for 50-cow herd consuming 2.5 tons per cow annually (13.7 lb daily). Additional forage from another source assumed.

Back: Forage Systems

TABLE 12. ECONOMIC COMPARISONS FOR VARIOUS FORAGE STORAGE UNITS AT TWO CAPACITIES
Silo type and size Capacity
(tons DM)
Total investment Ownership costs
(per ton DM)

Metal oxygen-limiting
  25 x 80 200 $ 82,000 $67.65
  25 x 90 325 113,800 57.77
Concrete oxygen-limiting
  20 x 72 170 62,000 60.18
  30 x 100 510 120,000 38.82
Concrete stave
  20 x 70 155 30,250 32.20
  30 x 80 425 52,500 20.38
Concrete bunker
  10 x 30 x 185 750 24,800 5.13
  12 x 40 x 112 500 23,800 7.38
Bagger and bags
  5 bags 250 34,500 32.13
  25 bags 750 38,000 11.91

Source: T.D. Hewitt, 1986, Dairy Herd Management, Vol. 24, No. 12, p. 29.

Back: Forage Systems

TABLE 13. CONSUMPTION OF VARIOUS GRAIN FORMS
Type of grain Lb per minute

Pelleted 1 to 1.2
Coarsely ground or cracked .75
Average to finely ground .50

Back: Free-stall or loose housing herds

TABLE 14. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FEEDING SYSTEM AND MILK PRODUCTION1
Average
Feeding System No.
Herds
DHIA Herd Milk
(lb/cow/year)
Fat % Protein %

Total Mixed
Ration (TMR)
16 24,131 3.67 3.13
Grain fed
separate
from forage
  Computer 13 24,598 3.67 3.13
  Hand 21 23,535 3.84 3.16

11990 Minnesota survey

Back: Free-stall or loose housing herds

Back: Balanced Ration Check Sheet


Table 06-10 Table of Contents Table 15
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