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Dairy business

Extension educator and producer consulting over papers

The resources in this section aim to make running your business easier. Through our research and outreach, Dairy Extension is working to maintain the stability of individual farms as well as Minnesota's dairy industry overall. We provide practical solutions for dairy families in times of transition, train dairy industry professionals to support producers, and discover methods for reducing costs and raising profits.

Business tools and budgeting

Cash flow planning, land rental rates, transferring the farm, machinery cost estimates


Hiring, compensation, job descriptions, worker safety, effective management, labor law and regulations

Farm life

General industry insights, farm safety, stress management, family resources, dairying in difficult times

Grazing systems

Pasture renovation, rotational grazing, extending the grazing season, profitability analysis

Heifer raising contracts

Sample contract templates, excerpts from actual contracts, identifying your niche, client/raiser meetings


Milk pricing plans, put options, hedging, margins, understanding dairy markets

Organic dairying

Becoming certified, feeding organic herds, transitioning to organic production, deciding if organic dairying is for you

Reduced input

Outwintering cattle, outdoor bedded pack and compost barns, crossbreeding, alternative production systems

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