Part 4 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 series
Price Loss Coverage (PLC)
The "Agricultural Act of 2014," commonly called the farm bill, creates the Price Loss Coverage (PLC) program which is explained below. Other fact sheets in the series describe other parts of the bill. Please note that the final rules and interpretations will come from the USDA at a future date.
The Price Loss Coverage (PLC) program will make payments to farmers if a covered commodity's national average marketing year price is below its reference price, the new term instead of target price (Table 1). Payments will be made on a crop by crop basis. Under PLC, the payment is the difference between the national average marketing year price and the reference price multiplied by the payment yield and 85% of the base acres.
Table 1: Reference prices ($); set in 2014 farm bill.
|Long grain rice||14/cwt|
|Med. grain rice||14/cwt|
As an example, suppose the corn price drops in a future crop year to a marketing year average (MYA) price of $3.50. This is lower than the reference price of $3.70 per bushel set in the 2014 farm bill so a payment is triggered.
Using an example farm with a payment yield of 160 bushels for corn and a corn base acreage of 350 acres, the payment would be the difference between the reference price ($3.70) and the current MYA price ($3.50 in this example) multiplied by the corn payment yield and 85% of the corn base acres.
For this example farm, the PLC payment would be:
(3.70 - 3.50) x 160 x (0.85 x 350) = $9,520.