Lilac > Stems/branches > Dead or dying branches
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Lilac Borer (also known as ash borer)
- Wilted or dead stems
- Base of stem swollen with ¼ inch exit holes
- Sap, sawdust and frass exuding from holes
- Reddish-brown pupa cases sometimes found protruding from exit holes
- Larvae are 1' long; creamy white with light brown head
- Adult is a clear wing moth that resembles paper wasp; smoky brown forewing, hindwing is clear with brown edge.
- More information on Lilac borer...
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Candidatus Phytoplasma fraxini
- Dense clusters of short, thin twigs originate from one area of stem
- Leaves may be small, distorted and yellow
- Brooms are common at the ends of branches and clustered at the very base of the plant
- Entire canopy is pale green to yellow, some leaves with brown margins
- Branches may die and shrub will decline
- More information on Witches' Broom...
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- Leaves on one to several branches turn red to yellow, wilt, die and fall off
- Dark olive to gray streaks are often visible in the sapwood if the bark is peeled back
- The entire canopy may show symptoms in a single season or take several years
- Symptoms are often most obvious in late summer and autumn but can occur throughout the growing season
- More information on Verticillium wilt...