Catalpa > Leaves > Leaves discolored yellow to brown
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Verticillium dahliae and V. albo-atrum
- Leaves are small and yellowed in chronic infections
- Leaves wilt, eventually turn brown and die in severe infections
- Leaf symptoms are often seen on only one or a few random branches in the canopy
- Dark olive to gray streaks are often visible in the sapwood if the bark is peeled back, appearing as rings or arcs in a cross section
- Symptoms may develop over a single season, or over several years
- More information on Verticillium wilt...
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- Leaves yellow with green veins
- Most severe on branch tips or new growth
- Affected trees have poor growth, undersized leaves
- Symptoms occur on Catalpas in alkaline soils
- More information on Iron chlorosis...
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- Dead branches within the canopy
- Yellowing to brown leaves may be present
- Groups or rows of small (< 2 inches wide) semi-circle shelf fungi along killed branches or on the main trunk, often near cracks or wounds
- Schizophyllum shelf fungi are white and appear fuzzy on top
- Wood below fungal shelves is yellowish to white, spongy, crumbly and decayed
- Bark around fungal shelves dies and often falls off
- Common on trees stressed by drought, winter injury, wounds, mechanical injury or other factors
- More information on Sapwood rot...
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Armillaria root rot
- Infected trees have poor growth, dead branches in the upper canopy, undersized and/or yellow leaves
- Flat white sheets of fungal growth (mycelial fans) between the bark and sapwood at the base of infected trees
- Thick black, shoestring-like fungus can sometimes be seen under the bark, around roots and in the soil around the base of the tree
- Wood is decayed, white, soft and spongy; this may extend from the base of the tree well up into the trunk
- Trees frequently break or fall over in storms
- Clusters of honey-colored mushrooms may grow at the base of the tree in fall
- More information on Armillaria root rot...